On May 9,following the Confederate evacuation of Norfolk, the Merrimack was destroyed by its crew. Seeing what had happened to Cumberland, the captain of USS Congress ordered his frigate into shallower water, where she soon grounded.
He added that the Union also had an ironclad, and that it was heading to meet the Virginia. Each side considered how best to eliminate the threat posed by its opponent, and after Virginia returned each side tried to goad the other into attacking under unfavorable circumstances.
Two of her guns were disabled and several armor plates had been loosened. One of the wounded was Captain Buchanan, whose left thigh was pierced by a rifle shot. She was used for running the blockade until she was captured and taken into Federal service, still named Merrimac.
Monitor and the C. Smithcaptain of Congress, ordered his ship grounded in shallow water. The seniority system for promotion in the Navy scuttled his chances, however, and the post went to the year-old Commodore Josiah Tattnall. A made-for-television movie called Ironcladsproduced by TNTwas made about the battle.
All parties continued to use the name after her capture by secessionists while she was being rebuilt as an ironclad. A small community in Montgomery County, Virginia near the location where the iron for the Confederate ironclad was forged is now known as Merrimac.
She thus became the first of two ships whose names were applied to entire classes of their successors. Command[ edit ] The Confederate chain of command was anomalous. Originally a Union ship, the vessel had been decommissioned for extensive repairs and moored in Norfolk, Virginia, when the Civil War began.
Those desiring to purchase will please address D. The Virginia, on the other hand, tried unsuccessfully to lure the Monitor into another battle in Hampton Roads harbour. In part, this was because each was handicapped in her offensive capabilities.
The captain of the Monitor, Lieutenant John L. It was decided to equip their ironclad with a raman anachronism on a 19th century warship. In Washington, belief that Monitor had vanquished Virginia was so strong that Worden and his men were awarded the thanks of Congress: Technically, therefore, the ship went into the battle without a captain.
Inthe site was declared a National Marine Sanctuarythe first shipwreck to receive this distinction. At about this time, Monitor returned, only to discover her opponent apparently giving up the fight. Near midnight, the flames reached her magazine and she exploded and sank, stern first.
Both spellings are still in use in the Hampton Roads area.The March 9,battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) during the American Civil War () was history’s first duel between ironclad warships.
Monitor vs. Merrimac. The showdown between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (more commonly called the Merrimac) took place on the James River at the Battle.
Apr 23, · The confederate ironclad was the CSS Virginia built using the remains of the scuttled Union ship the USS Merrimack and some support ships and during the first day of battle they were confronted by some wooden-hulled ships of the Union Navy.
Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, also called Battle of Hampton Roads, (March 9, ), in the American Civil War, naval engagement at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbour at the mouth of the James River, notable as history’s first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of.
CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; she was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and engines of the scuttled steam frigate USS Merrimack.
Virginia was one of the participants in the Battle of. Battle of the Ironclads. Posted 3/7/ By CSS Virginia, an ironclad ram constructed from the salvaged remains of the sunken frigate USS Merrimack, had engaged the Union’s wooden ships blockading Kurz & Allison's lithograph "Battle Between the Monitor and Merrimac" focuses more attention on a dramatized depiction of Union.Download